Context | Objective | Composition | Impact

Impact of Self-regulatory Boards of DMSC:

Over the years, there has been a steady increase in DMSC's anti-trafficking activities through its SRBs. In 1997 there was only one informal anti-trafficking board in Tollygunj. By 2005, SRBs operate in 30 sex work sites throughout West Bengal- of which 8 are located in different sex work sites in Kolkata and the remaining 22 are spread over different districts of West Bengal.

Increasing success of SRBs in identifying, rescuing and rehabilitating underage girls/unwilling women trafficked into sex work:
Table 1: year-wise break-up of girls/women rescued by SRBs of DMSC

No of Rescued Girls (June 1996 to December 2006)
Total Rescued 331


Year

Total

%

1996

03

0.91

1997

02

0.60

1998

02

0.60

1999

01

0.30

2000

01

0.30

2001

31

9.37

2002

40

12.08

2003

61

18.43

2004

143

43.20

2005

81

17.09

2006

109

23.00

Total

474

100

Increasing Median age of Sex Workers Surveyed over years in areas where DMSC works:

Table 2: Significant Increase in median Age of Sexworkers in areas where DMSC works

Year*

1992

1995

1998

2001

2005

Sample size surveyed

450

475

506

614

560

Proportion of sexworkers (in years)

22

22

27

28

28

*Data from Sonagachi Project Baseline Survey (1992) and Follow-up Surveys (1995, 1998 and 2001, 2005)

Successes of SRBs in improving literacy in sex work sites through the Education Programme run by DMSC

Table 3: Literacy Centers and No. Of Learners Enrolled

Category

Centres

No. Enrolled

Adult sexworkers

15

344

Children

17

890

Total

32

1234

Table 4: Outcomes of DMSC Education Scheme over years:

Category
Adult sex workers

Category
Children of Sex  workers

No Enrolled at                    530
"Korok" (Basic)

No. Enrolled at                           650
Durbar Centres

No. Graduated                    350
to "Digangana"
(Advanced)

No. Admitted to                         500
Mainstream
Schools
successfully

% Learners                         66
who advanced

% Learners                                 77
who were
mainstreamed

Table5: Outcomes of Durbar Vocational Training School ("Srishti") over the years

Courses

Total enrolment till date

No. Graduated

No. Self sufficient

% Graduated who are self-sufficient"

Handicrafts1

68

50

50

100

Beautician training

80

40

40

100

TV/Radio repairing

10

-

-

-

Electrician training

20

-

-

-

Visual literacy (photography)2

51

51

-

-

 Linkages established between DMSC, state Government and civil society representatives including PRI through formation of SRBs:

State Women's Commission

Action Aid (India) (funding agency)

State Labour Commission

Kolkata municipal Corporation

National Human Rights Commission

Panchayat officials in districts

UNDP (Cross-border trafficking)

Police personnel-at local and district level

Local NGOs
Sramajeebi Mahila Sangha
HDRI (for advocacy activities)
Government-approved homes (3)

Individuals
Local doctors
Social Welfare Officers
Local opinion leaders
Local lawyers

State Social Welfare Department

State Health Department

Self-regulatory Boards gradually becoming an acceptable anti-trafficking strategy to prevent entry of underage girls and unwilling women in sex work sites:

  • DMSC is invited to share its experience of combating trafficking into sex work sites in different forums. Recently, the organisation was invited by West Bengal Women's Commission to share its anti-trafficking experiences at a two-day workshop held in the West Bengal State Legislative Assembly (2 and 3 Feb, 2005)

  • Partnership with NGOs working at transit sites and at sites of origin developed by DMSC since 2002. DMSC has collaborated with Bhoruka Welfare Trust, UNDP and CARE-Bangladesh to address issues around cross-border trafficking. Out of this collaboration, SRBs were initiated in sex work sites close to Indo-Bangladesh border - at Changrabandha (Cooch Behar), Hilly (Dakshin Dinajpur) and Basirhat (North 24 Parganas).

News & Events